Ephesus; In addition to ancient buildings such as Celcus Library, Hillside Houses, Ancient Theater and the King’s Road, it is also home of the Temple of Artemis which is one of the 7 Wonders of the World.
Ephesus is one of the ancient tourism spots of Izmir, which dates back thousands of years. The settled life of human beings from B.C. 9 thousand years to the present day, Ephesus with its 11 thousand years of history, undoubtedly experienced its most glorious period when it was the capital of one of the major states of the Roman Empire. The ancient city, which has preserved its importance for centuries in the turbulent political identity of Anatolia; besides Celcus Library, Hillside Houses, Antique Theater, King’s Way, similar structures and works , it was hosting the Temple of Artemis which is shown in the Seven Wonders of the World. Even though the important parts of the huge temple, which is the size of a football field, are exhibited in England today, the area and ruins it belongs to add value to the tourist value of the region.
Ephesus, as a World Heritage Site recognized by UNESCO, is also one of the first successful examples of architecture and urban planning. Although it was inhabited in the previous millenniums, Ephesus was literally built in B.C 300 by Lysimakhos, one of Alexander’s successors, became Roman land after 170 years. In the 5th and 6th Centuries, it maintained its importance as the capital of Minor Asian Region.
The city, whose population exceeded 200 thousand people,was transported to the Ayasaluk Hill region as a result of the mud filling of the port of Ephesus in the 7th century. This region was important in terms of finding the first finds of the ancient city of Ephesus.
Ephesus has a very large sightseeing area. It is possible to see everywhere with a program that takes approximately 3-4 hours. Liman Avenue, known as Arkadiane, makes you feel in a historic parade with its magnificent columns on both sides. Liman Avenue, the longest street in Ephesus, offers clues to the grandeur of the period.
Church of Mary, is indeed another must-see structure. The church, which was established in the early stages of Christianity, is also the birthplace of the Catholic sect, which is spread over a wide geography today. It is one of the first seven churches in history.
The Celsus Library is the most striking building in Ephesus. It has four sculptures and details on its outer wall. The library, which hosted 14 thousand books in time, is also one of the most popular spots where you can take photos by following the movements of the sun.
With a capacity of 24 thousand people, the Grand Theater is a must for your trip to Ephesus. The most magnificent and the largest theater in the ancient world clearly shows the cultural richness of the period. Concerts are also held today in the beautiful building, which theatrical events and gladiatorial fights were shown before.
Located between the Celsus Library and the Odeon, Marble Avenue, the high platform on the side of the street where period carriages passed, introduces you to one of the first examples of today’s sidewalks.
Love House is one of the symbols of Ephesus. As the functional parts of the city, the Traianus Fountain, the Temple of Hadrian and the Skolastika baths are lined in Kuretler Avenue. Be sure to include the Odeon, the Domitian Temple and the Town Hall.
Among the attractions in Izmir, Ephesus is located 83 km from the city. Entrance to Ephesus is open every day of the year with a fee.