Bulgaria, a country with many historical and cultural common points, is an ideal destination with its lush nature, parks, coastline and historical smelling structure. Even though Turkey’s next door neighbor , Bulgaria dozens of details that you do not know about can be listed. Would you like to get to know this neighboring country a little better with our travel guide?
History of Bulgaria
It is known that the first inhabitants of Bulgaria, where the settlement began in prehistoric times, were a tribe called Thracians. Then the Roman and Byzantine reign began in Bulgaria. Bulgaria, which was seized by the Ottoman Empire with the invasion of Rumelia and reigned for 500 years, became an independent tsar in 1908. After the 93 War, the 3rd Bulgarian State was established. Bulgaria, which joined the European Union in 2007, is known as the 16th largest country in Europe.
Bulgaria’s Official Language and Religious Beliefs
The Orthodox Church in Bulgaria, where the majority of the population is Orthodox Christians, continues to function as the oldest Slavic Orthodox church. In the country where approximately 6.5 million Orthodox people live, after the Christian population, the largest religious community stands out as Muslims. The majority of this community is the Bulgarian Muslim people, known as Pomak. Although Bulgaria’s official language is Bulgarian, you may witness Turkish and Slavic languages being spoken frequently in some regions.
Bulgaria, which has suffered economically from the World Wars, has been growing rapidly in recent years. When you go to Bulgaria that has a tight trading relationship with Turkey, you can observe the development of tourism in the country. In Bulgaria, where the service sector has also given great impetus to the economy, industrial and agricultural activities are well developed. Bulgaria also gets attention by meeting 85% of the world’s rose oil needs. Bulgaria, which has not yet passed to the European common currency:Euro and uses its own currency, the Bulgarian Lev, is attractive for tourists with more favorable prices than other European countries.
Food & Drink in Bulgaria
Its geographical location and historical heritage make Bulgaria a unique destination for gourmets. When you visit Bulgaria, where Slavic, Mediterranean and Ottoman influences are seen in its kitchen, you can try many different tastes ranging from meat dishes to local cheeses. Especially the world-famous kashkaval cheese is a must-try for those who love dairy products. Do not forget to try special appetizers and salads made with yogurt in Bulgaria.
Climate and Weather in Bulgaria
Bulgaria has a typical Eastern European and Balkans climate, with temperatures rising towards June and a favorable setting for sightseeing until October. If you are planning to visit Bulgaria during the winter months, better be prepared to cold and rainy weather. The country is home to ski resorts such as Bansko, Borovets, Vitosha, Pamporovo, months attracts travelers in the winter.
Culture and Social Life of Bulgaria
There are many points that will allow you to explore the country’s culture in Bulgaria, which presents 9 historical buildings to the UNESCO World Heritage list. Visit the Varna Necropolis, the oldest gold treasure in the world, and the well-known Eastern Orthodox Monastery, the Rila Monastery, for a closer look at Bulgaria’s deep-rooted history and cultural habits. National melodies and folk songs in Bulgaria, which is the bagpipe of the national instrument, adds a special feature to social life. Bulgaria also attracts with its vivid nightlife. If you want to have fun, visit the famous nightclubs in the capital Sofia and Varna.
When to Visit Bulgaria
Even though Bulgaria, which has different natural beauties all around, is suitable for visiting the four seasons, but it is useful to shape your trip according to your expectations. If you are interested in winter sports, you can include Bulgaria, which is one of the most popular ski resorts in Europe, in your travel plans. If you want to have a vacation and swim in the country’s coastline, you can choose between July and August.
In order to enter Bulgaria, which is not a member of the Schengen Member State despite being a member of the European Union, you need to obtain a Bulgarian visa from the intermediary institutions. If you already have a Schengen visa on your passport, you may be able to enter Bulgaria, but also know that customs officers have the right not to let you into the country. Therefore, it is the right way to obtain a visa for the country to avoid risk.
Souvenirs from Bulgaria
If you want to buy souvenirs for your loved ones during your trip to Bulgaria, you can choose rose perfumes and soaps. Traditional clothes, handmade dolls, signs written in Cyrillic alphabet are among the souvenirs you can buy from Bulgaria. In addition, country-specific sausages and kashkaval cheese are among the products you can take as a souvenir to your loved ones.
Festivals in Bulgaria
Social life for Bulgarian people also means entertainment and festivals. By attending festivals organized in different periods in the country, you can observe the beliefs and traditions of the people closely. The most famous of these festivals is the International Surva Mask Festival. Participants of the festival, held in January each year, believe that they are firing evil spirits by wearing terrible masks. The Sofia International Film Festival in March and the Sofia Jazz Festival in April are among the most popular festivals in the country.